“The successive approximation model (SAM) provides a clear pathway to success, measurable and obtainable milestones for marking completion, and targeted moments to reach agreement and consensus. The model is clearly defined and manageable, and yet encourages creativity and experimentation. It consistently reveals the design as it evolves, and it does so in ways that all stakeholders can see and evaluate. It helps all team members communicate with each other, contribute, and collaborate”
There are two types of SAM , SAM 1 for smaller projects and SAM 2 is a more elaborate and extended version of SAM 1 for larger projects. Here at B Online Learning, our design team follow an agile instructional design model loosely based on Michael Allen’s Successive Approximation Model. By using agile instructional design, our clients/stakeholders are aware up front how the course will look and feel and reduces scope creep during a project.
Traditional instructional design models such as ADDIE provide us with a step by step process for creating a learning intervention. However, ADDIE can be quite linear and fixed and sometimes doesn’t fit in with changes in our everyday work lives e.g. new policies and procedures, changes within the organisation. ADDIE provides a strong framework for creating a learning solution but this process usually only involved the client/stakeholders at the very beginning and at the very end of the project. So, instructional designers began looking at other fields such as IT project management to look at processes that would be more suitable to eLearning design. The solution was more iterative instructional processes. Agile instructional design allows you to create training solutions by working incrementally, iteratively and collaboratively with the client/stakeholders throughout the whole project.
It allows you to:
- Build training that is more learner-centred
- Allows your stakeholders to be involved from the beginning and during every major step in the project
- Allows for flexibility and can cater for change easily
Guesswork, developing prototypes, iterative development, and frequent client/stakeholder communication are all key components of the agile process. One of the invaluable things we find about using an agile instructional design process, is that there are no surprises at the end of the project as the client/stakeholder are involved right from the beginning.